Agricultural History Series
Missouri State University
1904 St. Louis World's Fair
Large Yorkshire Show
Large Yorkshire Boar
The Large Yorkshire breed was just beginning to take off in the United States in 1904. Yorkshire hogs were long, all-white hogs with pointed ears. They were "radically different from the lard-hog of the Corn-belt," because of the tremendous height, length and depth of which this breed of swine was known. These pigs had characteristics that would have been undesirable in other breeds. There were 129 Large Yorkshire hogs that competed.
One Large Yorkshire exhibit that drew a lot of attention was that of Lord Roseberry's herd of Scotland. They had tremendous size and many people enjoyed seeing them.
This new and revolutionary breed was the subject of controversy within the breed at the fair. Many breeders had tried to breed their Yorkshires to reduce the factors that would be considered undesirable in the other kinds of swine. They shortened the nose, broadened the face, lowered the leg and broadened the carcass. The judge, Prof. J. J. Ferguson, "adhered to the extreme bacon type pleasing to the packers, the longest and deepest-sided pigs." This caused many outcries and protests in the arena during and after the show.
Winners of each class are as follows:
Aged Boars: Lakeview Bill; J. E. Brethour, Ontario, Can.
Sr. Yearling Boars: S. H. Colton Eclipse; W. E. Rockhill, Etna Green, IN
Jr. Yearling Boars: Lake Park Victor; T. H. Canfield, Lake Park, MN
Sr. Boar Pigs: S. H. Perfection; T. H. Canfield
Jr. Boar Pigs: Lake Park Peformer; T. H. Canfield
Aged Sows: S. H. Bottesford Empress; T. H. Canfield
Sr. Yearling Sows: S. H. Lady 5th; T. H. Canfield
Jr. Yearling Sows: S. H. Dalmeny Empress 31st; T. H. Canfield
Sr. Sow Pigs: S. H. Topsy 8th; T. H. Canfield
Jr. Sow Pigs: Oak Lodge Julia 35th; J. E. Brethour
Premier Championship for Exhibitor: T. H. Canfield
Premier Championship for Breeder: J. E. Brethour
References: The Breeders Gazette, Oct. 12, 1904
Photos from Irwin Collection.
This page was designed Jim Phillips and is maintained by Lyndon Irwin.
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