Missouri State University
Foot and Mouth
History of the
and Mouth History
Foot & Mouth Accounts
and Mouth Pictures
Foot and Mouth Disease has been
around for many centuries. The first account we have of this dreaded disease was in Italy in 1514.
In 1883, British losses were estimated at $5,000,000. In 1890, 431,000 cattle, 230,868 sheep and goats, and 153,808 swine
were infected in Germany.
United States has experienced nine outbreaks of Foot and Mouth
Disease - the first in 1870 and the last in 1929. In all instances
but two, the disease was eradicated within a few months.
In 1912, it was thought
this disease would not occur significantly in the U.S. since it had
been eradicated in previous years. In October 1914, the largest U.S. outbreak
of Foot and Mouth Disease spread rapidly after gaining entry into the
Chicago stockyards and other markets. Over 3,500 livestock herds in 22
different states and the District of Columbia were infected before the outbreak ended in September
cost the government 4.5 million dollars to eradicate the disease.
outbreak of 1914 also affected the cattle exhibited at the National
Dairy show held in Chicago October 22-31. Before its opening
the local inspector of the Bureau of Animal Industry warned the
manager of the dangers of exposure to the disease, but the show
continued with over 700 of the finest registered stock in the world
attending. On November 1 one of the cows developed the
disease, and all 700 were quarantined in a brick enclosure for the
duration of the infection. For 7 months no animals were allowed in
or out and any person leaving was thoroughly disinfected before they
were allowed to leave.
other major outbreak occurred in 1924. Twenty months of effort
were required before it was considered safe to remove all
restrictions from all the involved areas.
1924 and 1929 outbreaks in California involved hogs that were fed raw garbage
containing meat from countries with Foot and Mouth Disease.
were no further outbreaks in the twentieth century.
1912 Diseases of Cattle
1916 Diseases of Cattle p384-385
1915 USDA Yearbook of Agriculture,
Animal Diseases. p 27
1956 USDA Yearbook of Agriculture,
Animal Diseases. p 186-194
page was designed by Sarah Williams, Lane Truman, and Jeff Jackson.
more information, contact Lyndon